Sapphires, christened, "the gem of soul and autumn" - a fitting name for the September's birthstone. It is aligned with the planets of Saturn and Jupiter and commonly used for the 6th and 45th Anniversaries. Sapphire, a transparent precious stone is one of the most beautiful gemstones and the birthstone for the month of September.Sapphire is named after the Greek word "sapphirus", meaning blue. Sapphire is a variety of the mineral corundum and occurs in many colors. Sapphire is second only to the Diamond in hardness, making it a durable gemstone for setting into jewelry.Sapphire has a long and interesting history that dates back to 800 B.C. Sapphires come from Sri Lanka, Thailand, Australia, and Cambodia. Nigeria, Kenya, Tanzania, China, Vietnam, Madagascar, and also the United States are some other sources.